Alabama Drydock and Shipbuilding Co.

Tankers 1942 - 1945


Arickaree

Built: 3/43
Hull#: 245
USMC#: 529
Later Names:
1963 Action


History and Notes:
1948 sold commercial (same name).
48 - United States Petroleum Carriers, Inc., New York [Aristotle S. Onassis]
57 - Alexander S. Onassis Corp., Monrovia
62 - Rosedale Navigation Co. S.A., Monrovia [Aristotle S. Onassis]
63 - ACTION
Broken up at Kaohsiung 1968, arr. 3.4.68

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Birch Coulie

Built: 3/43
Hull#: 246
USMC#: 530
Later Names:
1957 Memory


History and Notes:
1948 sold commercial (same name).

48 - Independent Tankships, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [American Independent Oil Co., San Francisco]
55 - Keystone Shipping Co., Philadelphia
57 - MEMORY Panexito Cia. Naviera S.A., Monrovia [National Shipping & Trading Corp., New York]

Broken up at Trieste 1960 by Sidemar, work began 1.10.60

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Buffalo Wallow

Built: 4/43
Hull#: 247
USMC#: 531
Later Names:
1948 F. O. Prior
1951 Pan- Connecticut
1955 Amoco Connecticut
History and Notes:

From Victory Ships and Tankers by Sawyer and Mitchell:

October 1957 new midship section built and fitted by Newport News SB & DD Co. (measurements 571'6" on x 75'4", 12,491 GRT, 20,035 DWT). April 1958 upper half of old midbody converted to deck barge by Bayou Boef Fabricators, Morgan City, LA (measurements: 252" x 68", 2,187 GRT). Renamed VENEMAC 3. November 1958 converted to drilling barge by Todd Shipyards Inc, San Pedro, CA. Renamed WESTERN OFFSHORE NO 1. June 1958 lower half of old midbody converted to a deck barge (details as upper half), 2,376 GRT. Renamed VENEMAC 4, renamed PANINTOIL 10.

Other history:

48 - F. O. PRIOR Stanolind Marine Transport Co., Wilmington, Del. [Standard Oil Co. (Indiana)]
50 - Pan-American Petroleum & Transport Co., Wilmington, Del. [do.]
51 - PAN-CONNECTICUT
54 - American Oil Company, Baltimore (New York)
55 - AMOCO CONNECTICUT
57 - First Tanker Co., Wilmington, Del. [Standard Oil Co. (Indiana)]
57 - lengthened by replacement of cargo section with new mid-body built by Newport News SB. & DD. Co., Newport News, Va., resulting vessel 12,491 grt, 552' 0 x 75' 2 delivered 10/57
60 - American Oil Company, Baltimore
70 - Amoco Shipping Co., New York

Broken up at Brownsville, Texas, Sept. 1981, by Brownsville Steel & Salvage, arr. 25.8.81

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Camas Meadows

Built: 5/43
Hull#: 248
USMC#: 532
Later Names:



History and Notes:

From Victory Ships and Tankers by Sawyer and Mitchell:

1948: Sold commercial, same name. 1953: Laid up at Genoa.

The casualty which led to the loss of Camas Meadows occurred at Genoa during the weekend of February 19-21 1955, when one of the most sever south-westerly storms ever to strike the Italian port wrought havoc among ships, the port installations, and the harbor itself.

Raging seas and 100ft waves tore a huge hole in the western entrance mole, breached the eastern breakwater in several places and ripped six gaps in the central section. Piers, wharves and jetties were pounded and washed away; pipelines, installations and the new tanker docks were almost completely destroyed; and shipyards and industrial plant were severely damaged.

Many vessels with broke3n moorings dragged their anchors and were hurled against the quays or other vessels, causing serious damage. The Swedish ship Nordland (4,147GRT, 1946) was smashed against the quay, spring leaks, heeled over and settled on the bottom. Later the wreck caught fire, her cargo of calcium carbide exploded and the vessel was ripped apart.

The Camas Meadows (laid up in the port for many months) suffered a similar fate. At the height of the storm she broke her moorings and was pounded heavily against the quay. She flooded and then capsized. Still buoyant and floating bottom up she was subsequently found to have severe shell plating damage and to be holed at the bow. Her stern was also smashed, with the rudder and stern frame missing. Her funnel, masts and poop and bridge structures were mostly destroyed, their remains at the bottom of the harbor. In April 1955 the ship was declared a constructive total loss and was sold. At the end of July she was towed to Spezia and scrapped there the following month.

Towed to La Spezia, July 1955 and broken up by Cantieri Navali “Santa Maria”, S.p.A.

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Canyon Creek

Built: 5/43
Hull#: 249
USMC#: 533
Later Names:
1947 Esso Burlington
1960 Trinity Mariner

History and Notes:

47 - ESSO BURLINGTON Standard Oil Co. (New Jersey), Wilmington, Del.
50 - Esso Shipping Co., Wilmington, Del.
56 - Panama Transport Co., Panama
60 - TRINITY MARINER Trinity Marine Corp., Monrovia [Marine Transport Lines, Inc., New York]

Broken up at Osaka 1964, sld. Yokohama 11.4.64, work began 5.6.64

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Cedar Mills

Built: 6/43
Hull#: 250
USMC#: 534
Later Names:



History and Notes:
19 November 1945, struck a mine 200 yards off North Mole, Ancona. Broke in two and sank. Total loss. February, 1948: Wreck sold to Genoa shipbreakers and scrapped October 1948.

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Hat Creek

Built: 7/43
Hull#: 251
USMC#: 535
Later Names:
1957 Amoco Virginia
1978 Point Judy
1981 Point Milton
History and Notes:

From Victory Ships and Tankers by Sawyer and Mitchell:

1946: Sold commercial (same name) to National Bulk Carriers, Inc. October 1947: Reboilered and re-engined at Los Angeles with 2 cyl steam turbine. November 1957: New midship section built and fitted by Newport News SB & DD Co. (measurements: 571ft 6in x 75ft 4in, 12,532GRT, 20,699DWT). Renamed AMOCO VIRGINIA.

October 1958: Upper half of discarded midbody converted to a deck barge by Bayou Boeuf Fabricators, Morgan City, LA (measurements: 252ft x 68ft, 2,534GRT). Renamed VENEMAC 5, then INTERMAC 6. July 1959: Lower half of discarded midbody converted to a deck barge (details as upper half, above), 2,376GRT. Renamed VENEMAC 6.

Other history:

47 - National Bulk Carriers, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [Daniel K. Ludwig, New York]
47 - re-engined and re-boilered 1ST (aft)
51 - American Tankers Corp. of Delaware, Wilmington, Del. [do.]
56 - American Oil Co., Baltimore
57 - AMOCO VIRGINIA lengthened by replacing cargo section with new mid-body built by Newport News SB. & DD. Co., Newport News, Va., resulting vessel 12,532 grt, 552.0' x 75.2', delivered 11/57
70 - Amoco Shipping Co., New York
78 - POINT JUDY Point Enterprise Corp., Wilmington, Del. [Point Shipping Corp., New York]
81 - POINT MILTON

Sustained engine failure 12 Jan 1982, in 38.51N-72.58W, voy. New York - Portland, Ore., in ballast, towed back to New York 14 Jan, CTL, sold, dlvd. 4/82 at Kearny, Broken up at Kearny, N.J., 1983 by River Development Corp., work began 24.1.83

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Julesburg

Built: 8/43
Hull#: 252
USMC#: 536
Later Names:



History and Notes:
1948: Sold commercial, same name. 1959: New midship section built and fitted by Newport News SB & DD Co. (measurements: 571ft 6in oa x 75ft 4in, 12,638GRT, 20,099DWT).

48 - Terminal Tanker Industries, Inc. (Mathiasen's Tanker Industries, Inc.), Wilmington, Del. (Philadelphia)
55 - Chas. Kurz & Co., Inc. (Keystone Shipping Co.), Wilmington, Del. (Philadelphia)
59 - lengthened by replacement of cargo section with new mid-body section by Newport News SB. & DD. Co., Newport News, Va., resulting vessel 12,638 grt, 552.0' x 75.2', delivered 5/59

Broken up at Brownsville, Texas 1976 by Andy International, Inc., arr. abt. 26.2.76, work began 21.5.76

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Little Big Horn

Built: 6/43
Hull#: 253
USMC#: 537
Later Names:
1948 Spirit Of Liberty
1964 Point Sur
1971 Hongkong Evergreen
History and Notes:
June 30, 1971: Arrived Kaohsiung for scrapping but resold for further trading. Renamed HONGKONG EVERGREEN.

Other history:

48 - SPIRIT OF LIBERTY Independent Tankships, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [American Independent Oil Co., San Fran.]
55 - Keystone Shipping Co., Philadelphia
64 - POINT SUR Western Ocean Transport Co. (Pacific Coast Transport Co.), Wilmington, Del. [Los Angeles]
71 - HONGKONG EVERGREEN Evergreen Tankers, Inc., Panama [Pacific Marine Transport Co., Hong Kong]
73 - Summit Service Corp., Panama [Clover Marine, Inc., New York]
74 - PERFORMANCE

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1975 by Chin Tai Steel Enterprise Co., Ltd., arr. 23.3.75, work began 23.5.75

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Mcclellan Creek

Built: 6/43
Hull#: 254
USMC#: 538
Later Names:
1947 Elizabeth A. Flanigan
1955 Kathleen Richardson
1957 Winnebago
1963 Mobil Marketer
History and Notes:
47 - ELIZABETH A. FLANIGAN Flanigan, Loveland Shipping Co. S.A., Panama [Flanigan, Loveland, Inc., Philadelphia]
55 - KATHLEEN RICHARDSON Vesta Cia. Naviera S.A., Panama [Arthur Rapp, Ltd., London]
57 - WINNEBAGO Mobil Tankers Co. S.A., Panama [Socony Mobil Oil Co., Inc., New York]
63 - MOBIL MARKETER Petroleum Transport International (Pty.), Ltd., Durban, SA

Delivered to Hong Kong shipbreakers 9 April 1965, re-sold, broken up in Taiwan 1965, presumably at Keelung, work began in 5.65

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Pine Ridge

Built: 9/43
Hull#: 255
USMC#: 539
Later Names:



History and Notes:
1948: Sold commercial, same name. On 21 December 1960, while on voyage in ballast from New York to Corpus Christi, the Pine Ridge broke in two in heavy seas some 100 miles east of Cape Hatteras in 35.11N, 73.35W. The forepart capsized and sank but the afterpart was towed into Newport News, arriving there on 27 December. The ship, owned by Paco Tankers Inc. of Wilmington, DE, and managed by Keystone Shipping Company of Philadelphia was declared a constructive total loss.

In 1961 the Newport News SB & DD Company was contracted to build a new midship section, which the joined to the salved afterpart of the Pine Ridge in 1962. The forepart of the rebuilding ship was obtained from the tanker Redstone, which had been sold by the Trinidad Corporation (Barber Oil Corporation) in 1958 to the Pocahontas SS Company of Salem, MA, for conversion to a bulk carrier. (See Sun yard number 469) The midship house used was taken from the T3 tanker Sachem (II). Late 1962 the completed ship, now named the Meadowbrook, joined the tanker fleet of Chas. Kurz & Co., Inc., also managed by the Keystone Shipping Company.

Details:

Aft machinery section of ex-Pine Ridge: 118ft 5in
Fore section of ex-Redstone: 75ft 8in
New midship section: 391ft 6in
New length: 585ft7in bp, 607ft 1in oa x 80ft
New tonnage: 15,671GRT, 26,110DWT

Other history:

48 - Independent Tankships, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [American Independent Oil Co., San Francisco]
55 - Paco Tankers, Inc. (Keystone Shipping Co.), Wilmington, Del.
Broke in two, forepart capsized, 21 Dec 1960, abt. 100 miles east of Cape Hatteras, voy. New York - Corpus Christi, in ballast, forepart sank, stern towed in 27 Dec, CTL., machinery section joined to new midbody built by Newport News SB. & DD. Co., and bow section (76') from REDSTONE (Sun #469), resulting vessel, 15,671 grt, 588.7 x 80.2', dlvd. 11-1962
62 - MEADOWBROOK Chas. Kurz & Co., Inc. (Keystone Shipping Co.), Wilmington, Del.

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1983 by Pao Fuat Steel & Iron Work Co., Ltd., arr. 11.10.83 in tow, work began 22.10

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Powder River

Built: 9/43
Hull#: 256
USMC#: 540
Later Names:
1955 Hess Bunker
1977 Bunker
1977 Capricorn
History and Notes:
1948: Sold commercial, same name. October 1961, new midship section built by Bethlehem Steel Co., Sparrows Point and fitted at Baltimore (measurements: 605ft oa x 75ft 3in, 14,126GRT, 23,284DWT).

Other history:

Completed September 1943 by the Alabama Drydock and Shipbuilding Company, Mobile, Alabama, Yard number 256, for U.M.S.C., as No. 540, O/N 243804.
1948 Sold to Independent Tankships, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [American Independent Oil Co., San Francisco] retaining her name.
1955 Sold to Hess Tankship Co., Wilmington, Del. [Hess, Inc., Perth Amboy, N.J.] and renamed Hess Bunker.
1961 “Jumboised” by Bethlehem Steel Co., SB. Div., Sparrow's Point, Md., fitted at Bethlehem Steel, Key Highway Yard, Baltimore. Resulting vessel 14,126 GRT, 585.9' x 75.3', delivered. 10/1961 “all aft”.
1977 Sold to Kingston Shipping Co., Inc., Wilmington, Del. [Avon SS. Co., Inc., Lake Success, N.Y. later Apex Marine Corp.] Renamed Bunker. Later that year renamed Capricorn, same owner.
Broken up at Kaohsiung 1984 by Chyeh Sheng Fuat Steel & Iron Works, Ltd., arrived 5.9.1984 in tow, work began 25.9.1984.

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Quemado Lake

Built: 9/43
Hull#: 257
USMC#: 541
Later Names:
1956 Marchcal
1958 Naeco

History and Notes:
1948: Sold commercial, same name. September 1958, new midship section built by Mitsubishi Heavy Ind. LTD, Kobe. (measurements: 572ft oa x 72ft 5in, 12691GRT, 20,105DWT)

Other history:

48 - Independent Tankships, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [American Independent Oil Co., San Francisco]
55 - Chas. Kurz & Co., Inc. (Keystone Shipping Co.), Wilmington, Del.
56 - MARCHCAL Calendar Navigation Corp., Monrovia [Keystone Shipping Co.]
58 - lengthened and widened, by fitting new midbody by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Kobe, 12,691 grt, 552' 5 x 75' 2, cmpltd. 9-1958
59 - NAECO Chas. Kurz & Co., Inc. (Keystone Shipping Co.), Wilmington, Del.

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1972 by Yi Ho Steel Co., arr. prior 9.4.72, work began 6.5.72, completed 16.6.72

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Rosebud

Built: 9/43
Hull#: 258
USMC#: 542
Later Names:
1948 Arizona
1956 Andrea Zanchi
1963 Capo Andrea
History and Notes:
48 - ARIZONA Perseveranza Soc. di Nav. S.p.A., Genoa [Stefano Chiarella]
56 - ANDREA ZANCHI Ditta Andrea Zanchi, Genoa
63 - CAPO ANDREA Cia. di Nav. Capo Gallo S.p.A., Messina [Ditta Andrea Zanchi]

Broken up at La Spezia 1977 by Cantiere Navale Santa Maria, sale reported 7.77, work began 19.10.77

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Red Canyon

Built: 10/43
Hull#: 259
USMC#: 543
Later Names:
1956 Hess Voyager
1963 Timbo

History and Notes:
48 - Independent Tankships, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [American Independent Oil Co., San Francisco]
48 - Allied-Ashland Tankers, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [Ashland Oil & Refining Co., Inc., Ashland, Ky.]
56 - HESS VOYAGER Hess Tankship Co., Wilmington, Del. [Hess, Inc., Perth Amboy, N.J.]
63 - TIMBO Timbo Shipping, Ltd., Monrovia [Rector Shipping, Inc., New York]
63 - lengthened by replacing bow and cargo section with new forebody, built by Mitsubishi Nippon Heavy Industries, Ltd., Yokohama, resulting vessel 15,794 grt, 581.8' x 82.2', dlvd. 11/63

Broken up at Alang 1993 by Baldev Shipbreakers, arr. 8.9.93, work began 28.10.93

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Sappa Creek

Built: 10/43
Hull#: 260
USMC#: 544
Later Names:
Ao 141


History and Notes:

From Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships:

Sappa Creek, built under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 544), was laid down on 17 April 1943 by the Alabama Dry Dock and Shipbuilding Co., Mobile, Ala.; launched on 15 September 1943; sponsored by Miss Martha Carroll; and delivered to the Maritime Commission on 29 October 1943.

Operating for the Maritime Commission during World War II by the American Trading and Production Corp., Baltimore, Md., Sappa Creek shuttled petroleum products across the Atlantic to the United Kingdom into November 1944. Then transferred to Pacific runs, she moved fuels into the Marshalls, Marianas, and Carolines. In November 1945, she retransited the Panama Canal and commenced peacetime runs from oil ports on the Texas coast and in the Caribbean to eastern American and western European shipping centers.

In the spring of 1948, Sappa Creek was transferred to the Navy. She was delivered to Marine Transport Lines, Inc., on 6 April for operation; and, on the 28th, she commenced her Naval Transportation Service career as USNS Sappa Creek (T-AO-141). As a contract-operated Navy ship, she continued her north European runs into 1949. Then, with the establishment of the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) in October of that year, she extended her range. In November and December, she moved from Hamburg, through the Mediterranean and the Suez Canal, to the Persian Gulf; thence she retraced her route to the Atlantic and the east coast of the United States.

Sappa Creek next proceeded to New Orleans, where she remained inactive into April 1950; then she resumed her tanker operations with a run from Freeport, Texas, to Norfolk and Bremerhaven. From there, she proceeded to Bahrein before returning to Norfolk and the gulf coast. In mid-July, she moved north. In August, she delivered petroleum products to Narsarssuak, Greenland. From that Danish island, she returned to Freeport, whence she completed another voyage to Europe and the Persian Gulf. At the end of September, she departed Ras Tanura; moved east instead of west; and, in late October, she arrived in Japan to deliver her cargo for further distribution as needed by the United Nations effort in Korea.

She completed delivery of her vital supplies at Yokohama and continued eastward. On 17 November, she transited the Panama Canal. By the end of the month, she had filled her cargo tanks at Port Arthur, Tex. In early December, she reentered the Pacific; and, at the end of that month, arrived back at Yokohama. By 4 January 1951, she had offloaded at Yokosuka and was en route to the United States.

Between 19 January and 6 February, Sappa Creek shuttled oil between San Francisco and Pearl Harbor; then, in mid-February, she departed Long Beach for Yokohama. In March, she continued on to Bahrein, whence she headed for the Mediterranean, the Atlantic, and Norfolk. In June, she returned to Port Arthur; and, at the end of the month, she sailed east to Dover and Rotterdam. In July, she resumed Texas, Caribbean, and east coast shuttle runs. In early December, she completed another transatlantic run to England; and, on the 22d, she again transited the Panama Canal, en route to Japan.

Arriving at Yokohama in January 1952, Sappa Creek completed a Japan-Persian Gulf-Japan run in late February. During March, she shuttled oil products from Sasebo to Pusan and Ulsan on the embattled Korean peninsula; and, in April, she returned to Bahrein, whence she continued on to the United States.

In late May, the tanker resumed operations on the gulf and east coasts and in the Caribbean. In October, she returned to the Pacific; and, by January 1953, she was again employed in carrying petroleum products from the Persian Gulf to Japan. The truce agreement in July brought a change in her schedule; and, in mid-August, she sailed for the United States.

After hostilities ceased in Korea, Sappa Creek remained in the MSTS fleet and, with only one interruption, Persian Gulf-Mediterranean runs in the fall of 1957, she was employed in the Pacific with frequent runs to the Persian Gulf for the next six years. On 7 December 1959, the T2 tanker was inactivated and returned to the Maritime Administration, the successor to the original Maritime Commission, and laid up at Suisun Bay, Calif., as a unit of the National Defense Reserve Fleet. Struck from the Navy list on 1 July 1961, she was still in the Suisun Bay Reserve Group as of July 1974. Final disposition unknown.

Source: http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/s5/sappa_creek.htm

Other history:

4/48 - U. S. Navy - Naval Transportation Service/ Military Sea Transportation Service (T-AO-141)
12/59 - U. S. Dept. of Commerce, Maritime Administration

Sold Dec 1975 to National Metal & Steel Corp., Terminal Island, Calif., for scrapping

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Sweetwater

Built: 11/43
Hull#: 261
USMC#: 545
Later Names:



History and Notes:
48 - Metro Petroleum Shipping Co., Inc., Wilmington, Del. [Mar-Trade Corp., New York - Kulukundis]
57 - Sweetwater Corp., Monrovia

Broken up at La Spezia 1961 by Cant. Nav. Santa Maria S.p.A., arr. 30.8.61, work began in 9.61, sold thru Boston Metals Corp., Baltimore

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Wagon Box

Built: 12/43
Hull#: 262
USMC#: 546
Later Names:
1963 Coral Venture
1977 Dima
1979 Dima I
1981 Dima
History and Notes:

From Victory Ships and Tankers by Sawyer and Mitchell:

1948: Sold commercial (same name).

This ship joined the fleet of National Bulk Carriers(D. K. Ludwig) in 1948. In December 1957 she was laid up at Kure, remaining there until 1961, when she was transferred to the British flag under control of the Argyll Shipping Company of Bermuda (of the Ludwig group) on condition that certain parts of the ship were scrapped. In 1962 she entered the National Bulk Carriers Inc. (Kure Shipyard Division) yard at Kure (the leased Japanese Navy shipyard) where she was converted to a self-unloading bulk carrier by fitting of new fore and midship sections (measurements: 465ft 10in overall, 9,121GRT, 10,990DWT). Renamed CORAL VENTURE. She left Kure in September 1964 to trade between the Bahamas and Jacksonville (and occasionally to Hampton Roads) carrying cement.

This service was founded on her owners' misfortune of buying large tracts of land on Grand Bahama Island and, in 1958, starting the construction there of a shipbuilding and repair yard. Difficulties with soft coral bottom forced the abandonment of the project but it was found that the soil was eminently suitable for cement making. This led to the erection of a cement plant and long-term charters for Ludwig-owned ships. Thus was commercial adversity turned to advantage.

Other history:

48 - National Bulk Carriers, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [Daniel K. Ludwig, New York]
63 - CORAL VENTURE Argyll Shipping Co., Ltd., London (Hamilton, Bda.)
64 - conv. to bulk cement carrier, by replacement of bow and forebody by National Bulk Carriers, Inc., Kure Shipyard Div., Kure, Japan, resulting vessel 9,121 grt, 445.2ft , delivered 9/64
77 - DIMA Rolaco Trading & Contracting Co., Jeddah
79 - DIMA I Dima Shipping Corp., Panama
81 - DIMA Lama Shipping Co., Ltd., Jeddah [Rolaco Trading & Contracting Co.]

Broken up at Aliaga 1986 by Leyal Turizim-Insaat Mobilya Sanayi ve Ticaret, arr. abt. 25.7.86, work began 20.8.86

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Washita

Built: 12/43
Hull#: 263
USMC#: 547
Later Names:
1948 Trinity
1955 Amelia

History and Notes:
48 - TRINITY J. M. Carras, Inc., Wilmington, Del. (New York) 55 - AMELIA Phenix Petroleum Shipping, Ltd., Monrovia [J. M. Carras, New York]

Partially dismantled at Baltimore, Feb 1963 by Boston Metals Co., re-sold to Spanish shipbreakers, Broken up at Bilbao 1964, arr. 29.7.64

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Abiqua

Built: 10/43
Hull#: 264
USMC#: 548
Later Names:



History and Notes:

From Victory Ships and Tankers by Sawyer and Mitchell and also Navsource Archives:

Suamico Class Fleet Oiler: Laid down, 18 June 1943, as Maritime Administration type (T2-SE-A1) tanker hull, under a Maritime Commission contract at Alabama Drydock and Shipbuilding Co., Mobile, AL; Delivered to Cities Service Company for operation, 31 October 1943; Acquired by the US Navy from the Maritime Administration and placed in service by MSTS as USNS Abiqua (T-AO-158), 21 December 1956, under contract to Matraliners with a civilian crew; Placed out of service, struck from the Naval Register and returned to the Maritime Administration, 30 September 1967; Final Disposition, cut into four sections, and joined to form SS Windsor, SS Bear Paw and the tank barge Tex-Mar XIX.

On 1 May 1968, Abiqua arrived at Alabama SB & DD Co., Mobile AL for conversion into a dry cargo ship. The after part of Abiqua was joined to the forpart of Windsor (Alabama yard number 293), and retained the name Abiqua. (New measurements: 568ft oa x 78ft 6in, 14,640GRT, 25,820DWT) In February 1969, the old forepart of Abiqua was joined at Mobile to the afterpart of Windsor to form a storage vessel, renamed Bear Paw (10,000GRT).

1970: Bear Paw towed to Beaumont, TX where bow and midbody (discarded from Abiqua) were converted by Bethlehem Steel Company into a tank barge (measurements: 384ft x 68ft, approximately 5,000GRT). Renamed Tide Mar XIX. June 1970, reported remaining afterpart (formerly Windsor) scrapped in Texas.

Source: http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/19158.htm and also Victory Ships and Tankers

Other history:

46 - Cities Service Oil Co., New York
55 - U. S. Dept. of Commerce - Maritime Administration, New York
56 - U. S. Navy - (T-AO-158)
57 - U. S. Dept. of Commerce - Maritime Administration, New York
Sold 1968 to Windsor Navigation Co., New York, dismantled and machinery sections exchanged with bulk carrier WINDSOR ex- Wildura, machinery section of ABIQUA joined with bulk cargo forebody built 1963 by Soc. des Chantiers Réunis Loire Normandie, Grand Quevilly, resulting vessel 14,640 grt, 545.0 x 78.5ft work completed by Alabama DD. & SB. Co., Nov. 1968. Bow and tank cargo section from ABIQUA joined to machinery section from WINDSOR (built 1944 as BEAR PAW) to become storage vessel BEAR PAW, machinery section removed and scrapped 1970, forebody converted to 384' tank barge TIDE MAR XIX 68 - ABIQUA Winco Tankers, Inc., New York [Windsor Navigation Co. - John Hadges]
72 - Mercury SS. Co., Inc., New York [John Hadges]
73 - ASSOS Assos Maritime Co., Ltd., Famagusta
74 - ULRICA North Pacific Navigation Corp., Panama [W. H. Eddie Hsu, Taipei]

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1978 by Long Jong Industry Co., Ltd., arr. 17.4.78, work began 22.11.78

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Touchet

Built: 11/43
Hull#: 265
USMC#: 549
Later Names:



History and Notes:
Torp. and sunk by U 193, 3 Dec 1943, in 25.50N-86.30W, voy. Baytown - New York, heating oil.

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Evans Creek

Built: 11/43
Hull#: 266
USMC#: 550
Later Names:
1955 Hess Petrol
1976 Virgo

History and Notes:

From Victory Ships and Tankers by Sawyer and Mitchell:

1948: Sold commercial (same name) to National Bulk Carriers, Inc. 1961: New midship section built by Bethlehem Steel Co., Sparrows Point, and fitted at Baltimore (measurements: 605ft oa x 75ft 3in, 13,908GRT, 23,363DWT). 30 July 1971: Laid up at Jacksonville.

Other history:

48 - National Bulk Carriers, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [Daniel K. Ludwig, New York]
55 - HESS PETROL Hess Tankship Co., Wilmington, Del. [Hess, Inc., Perth Amboy, N.J.]
61 - lengthened by replacing cargo section with new mid-body section built by Bethelehem Steel Co., Inc., SB. Div., Sparrow's Point, Md., fitted at Key Highway Yard, Baltimore, resulting vessel 13,908 grt, 585.9ft x 75.3ft, dlvd. 8/61
76 - VIRGO Colby Shipping Co., Inc., New York [Avon SS. Co., Inc., Lake Success, N.Y.]

Broken up at Gadani Beach 1982 by MEC Shipbreakers, arr. Karachi 7.8.82 for delivery, work began at Gadani 5.9.82

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Skull Bar

Built: 12/43
Hull#: 267
USMC#: 551
Later Names:
1948 St Christopher
1956 Scherzo

History and Notes:
48 - SAINT CHRISTOPHER American Viking Corp. (Sieling & Jarvis Corp.), New York
56 - SCHERZO Park Tanker Corp., Monrovia [United Maritime Corp., New York]

Broken up at Osaka 1963, arr. 6.6.63, work began 12.7.63

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Four Lakes

Built: 1/44
Hull#: 268
USMC#: 552
Later Names:
1971 V. A. Fogg


History and Notes:

From Victory Ships and Tankers by Sawyer and Mitchell:

Sold into commercial service under the same name in 1948. March 1959: New midship section built by American Bridge Division of U.S. Steel Corporation, Orange, TX and fitted by Maryland Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Baltimore (new measurements: 572ft x 75ft 4in, 12,569GRT, 19,902DWT). 1971: Renamed V. A. Fogg.

On 1 February 1972 this vessel put to sea from Freeport, TX to proceed 50 miles offshore to clean residue of volatile benzine from eighteen of her tanks. Afterward she was due to return to Galveston for discharge of 19,000 gallons of xylene from two other tanks. On the following day the ship was reported missing, though a column of smoke rising to over 10,000 feet was reported by aircraft. A subsequent search of the Gulf of Mexico showed a 450 foot section of the ship lying on the seabed in 100 feet of water, in position 28.36N, 094.49W. The wreckage showed signs of explosion and fire.

Source: Victory Ships and Tankers, by L. A. Sawyer and W. H. Mitchell

Other history:

48 - Tanker Four Lakes, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [Texas City Refining, Inc. - mgd. until c. 1955 by Mathiasen's Tanker Industries, Inc., Philadelphia]
59 - lengthened by replacing cargo section with new mid-body built by American Bridge Div., U.S. Steel Corp., Orange, Texas, fitted by Maryland SB. & DD. Co., Baltimore, resulting vessel 12,569 grt, 552.5ft x 75.3ft. dlvd. 3/59
71 - V. A. FOGG Ithaca Corp., Wilmington, Del. [Texas City Tankers Corp. - s/o]

Destroyed by explosion, 1 Feb 1972, about 60 miles from Galveston, in 28.35.54N-94.49.03W, voy. Freeport, Texas - Galveston, tank cleaning (lost with all aboard)

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Cayuse

Built: 1/44
Hull#: 269
USMC#: 553
Later Names:
1948 Ivy
1957 Andros Lark
1959 Valiant Torch
1969 Mar Caspio
History and Notes:
48 - IVY Cape Horn SS. Corp., New York [Orion Shipping & Trading Co., Inc.]
54 - Ivy Steamship Co., Wilmington, Del. [do.]
56 - Jupiter Steamship Corp., New York [do.]
57 - ANDROS LARK Siete Mares Soc. Marina S.A., Monrovia [do.]
59 - VALIANT TORCH Transpollux Carriers Corp., Monrovia [Ocean Carriers Corp., New York]
61 - Cia. de Nav. Costera Argentina S.r.l., Buenos Aires [Sasso y Cia. Naviera Argentina S.r.l.]
65 - MAR CASPIO La Naviera Linea Argentina de Nav. Maritima y Fluvial S.a.c., Buenos Aires [Menendez-Behety Soc. Anon. Ganadera]

Broken up in Argentina 1983 (reported damaged by collision with barges 24 Feb 1982 at Km 373, Rio Parana)

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Wolf Mountain

Built: 2/44
Hull#: 270
USMC#: 554
Later Names:
1948 A. W. Peake
1951 Pan - Delaware
1956 Amoco Delaware
1971 Ocean Revolver Davy D.
History and Notes:
48 - A. W. PEAKE Stanolind Marine Transport Co., Wilmington, Del. [Standard Oil Co. (Indiana)]
50 - Pan-American Petroleum & Transport Co., Wilmington, Del. [do.]
51 - PAN-DELAWARE s/o
54 - American Oil Company, Baltimore
56 - AMOCO DELAWARE s/o
57 - First Tanker Corp., Wilmington, Del. [Standard Oil Co. (Indiana)]
57 - lengthened by replacing cargo section with new mid-body built by Newport News SB. & DD. Co., Newport, News, Va., , resulting vessel 12,529 grt, 552.0ft x 75.2ft, dlvd. 4/57
60 - American Oil Company, Baltimore
70 - Amoco Shipping Co., New York
71 - Delaware Navigation Co., Wilmington, Del. - lengthened by replacing bow and cargo section with new forebody built by Newport News SB. & DD. Co., Newport News, resulting vessel, 15,049 grt. 604.0 x 74ft (mld.) 633.5ft (l.o.a.), dlvd. 12/71, discarded forebody used as barge, named OCEAN REVOLVER DAVY D. SE 9/82
81 - Amoco Shipping Co., Wilmington, Del.
85 - DELAWARE SEA s/o
87 - DELAWARE STAR Sealift, Inc., Wilmington, Del.

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1987 by Yi Sheng Steel Enterprise Co., Ltd., arr. 18.6.87, work began 4.7.87

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Wyoming Valley

Built: 3/44
Hull#: 271
USMC#: 555
Later Names:
1948 Atlantic Voyager
1958 Wang Cavalier
1959 Kinston
1960 Anne Marie
History and Notes:
48 - ATLANTIC VOYAGER Southern Trading Co., Wilmington, Del. (leased to Atlantic Refining Co.)
53 - Webb & Knapp, Inc., New York
57 - WANG CAVALIER Kingston Steamship Corp. (North Atlantic Marine Co., Inc.), New York
59 - KINGSTON s/o
60 - ANNE MARIE Commerce Tankers Corp., Wilmington, Del. [Milton Pilalis & Co., mgd. by Marine Transport Lines]

Broken up at Trieste 1963 by Sidemar S.p.A., arr. 11.8.62, work began in 2.63 and completed in 7.63

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Apache Canyon

Built: 3/44
Hull#: 272
USMC#: 556
Later Names:
1956 World Triumph


History and Notes:
47 - Panama Oceanic Lines, Inc., Panama [Stavros S. Niarchos]
56 - WORLD TRIUMPH s/o
60 - s/o, Piraeus

Broken up at La Spezia 1965 by Cant. Navali “Santa Maria” S.p.A., arr. 23.10.65, work began 11.65

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Autossee

Built: 3/44
Hull#: 273
USMC#: 557
Later Names:
1948 Amalfi


History and Notes:
47 - Italian Government
48 - AMALFI Achille Lauro, Naples

Broken up at La Spezia 1961 by Cant. Nav. “Santa Maria”, arr. 12.8.61, work began in 9.61

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White River

Built: 3/44
Hull#: 274
USMC#: 558
Later Names:
1956 World Tradition
1959 World Commander
1963 Commander
1973 American Grain
History and Notes:
47 - Panama Oceanic Lines, Inc., Panama [Stavros S. Niarchos]
56 - WORLD TRADITION s/o
59 - WORLD COMMANDER World Commander Corp., Monrovia [do.]
Conv. to bulk carrier by replacement of cargo section and lengthened, built by Harima SB. & Eng. Co., Ltd., Aioi, resulting vessel 13,103 grt, 555.9' x 75' 2, delivered 5/59
63 - COMMANDER Marine Carriers Corp., New York
73 - AMERICAN GRAIN American Grain Steamship Co., Wilmington, Del. [Freighters, Inc., San Francisco - John I. Alioto]
73 - SANTA ELIA North Beach Steamship Co., Wilmington, Del. [do.]
74 - s/o, Panama

Damaged by stranding, 26 April 1975, off Vlissingen, voy. Antwerp - Hull, grain, refloated, laid up, sold 1976, Broken up at Bilbao 1976 by Revalorizacion de Materiales, S.A., arr. 24.3.76 in tow, work began 15.5.76

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Wood Lake

Built: 4/44
Hull#: 275
USMC#: 559
Later Names:
1947 Petit Couronne
1947 Ronsard
1960 Caribbean Sky
1962 Aspronisos
History and Notes:
47 - PETIT COURONNE French Government - Min. de la Marine Marchande, Le Havre FR
47 - RONSARD s/o (Pétrotankers, Soc. Anon., mgrs.)
48 - Pétrotankers, Soc. Anon., Le Havre
60 - CARIBBEAN SKY Superior Shipping Co., Monrovia [Northern Ships Agency, Inc.]
62 - ASPRONISOS s/o conv. to bulk carrier by replacement of bow and cargo section with new forebody built by Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd., Aioi, 14,243 grt, 561.7ft x 75.3ft, dlvd. 7/62
66 - LAKE PLACID s/o [Trinity Shipping, Inc., New York - Robert Rosenthal]
Heavily damaged by turbine explosion, 10 Oct 1969, while undergoing engine trials at shipyard in Antwerp, CTL, sold and repaired
70 - GARANDA Philip Shipping Corp., Monrovia [Wall Street Marine, Inc., New York]

Sold for scrapping to Eisen-u. Metall A.G., Hamburg, arr. 13.8.72, re-sold, towed to Santander, arr. 8.6.73, dismantled, afterpart scrapped, forebody joined to machinery section of tanker AKRON, ex- Fatum - 73, ex- Monsoon - 70 (built 1959)

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Beaver Dam

Built: 4/44
Hull#: 276
USMC#: 560
Later Names:
1968 Eastern Eagle
1977 Psara Flag

History and Notes:
47 - Deep Sea Shipping & Chartering Co., Ltd., Panama
52 - s/o [Olga Konow, Inc., New York, ops.]
63 - conv. to bulk carrier and lengthened by replacing bow and cargo section with new forebody, built by Chantiers Réunis Loire-Normandie, Grand Quevilly, resulting vessel 15,419 grt, 551.9 x 78.7ft, dlvd. 7/63
66 - Beaverdam Tankers Co., Ltd., Panama [Magnus Konow & Co., Oslo]
68 - EASTERN EAGLE Astrodevoto Cia. Nav. S.A. & Astropoder Cia. Nav. S.A., Panama [Th. L. Teryazos]
77 - PSARA FLAG Depot & Co-Ordination S.A., Panama [Heracles General Cement Co. S.A. & F. Laeisz] (storage svc.)

last reported in LSI 8/81 in storage service at Dammam, deleted LCI 9/79, Broken up 1984 (no details available)

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Callabee

Built: 5/44
Hull#: 277
USMC#: 561
Later Names:



History and Notes:
48 - National Bulk Carriers, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [Daniel K. Ludwig, New York]

Sold for scrapping to Ferrotar Enterprises, re-sold, Broken up at Vado Ligure 1965 by “A.R.D.E.M.”, arr. 7.12.65

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Cahawba

Built: 6/44
Hull#: 278
USMC#: 562
Later Names:
1947 Tectarius


History and Notes:
1947 purchased from USMC by Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co, London renamed TECTARIUS, 1961 scrapped at Faslane.

Source: Provided by Mr. Ted Finch on 18 December 2005 from The Anglo-Saxon / Shell Tankers by N. L. Middlemiss and Lloyds Register

Other history:

47 - TECTARIUS Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co., Ltd., London
55 - Shell Petroleum Co., Ltd., London
60 - Shell Tankers, Ltd., London

Broken up at Faslane 1961 by Shipbreaking Industries, Ltd., arr. 28.6.61

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Horseshoe

Built: 6/44
Hull#: 279
USMC#: 563
Later Names:
1947 Tenogodus


History and Notes:
1947 purchased from USMC by Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co, London renamed TENAGODUS, 1962 scrapped at Inverkeithing.

Source: Provided by Mr. Ted Finch on 18 December 2005 from The Anglo-Saxon / Shell Tankers by N. L. Middlemiss and Lloyds Register

Other history:

47 - TENAGODUS Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co., Ltd., London
55 - Shell Petroleum Co., Ltd., London
60 - Shell Tankers, Ltd., London

Broken up at Inverkeithing 1962 by T. W. Ward, Ltd., arr. 3.9.62

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Wahoo Swamp

Built: 7/44
Hull#: 280
USMC#: 564
Later Names:
1948 Gulfswamp
1960 Emspirol
1967 Nereid
History and Notes:
Used to lighter cargoes brought into the lower reaches of the River Ems by 85,000DWT tankers of Universe Tankships, and to distribute to other European terminals. 1968: As NEREID, used as a lightering vessel, Chittagong area. August 1972: Scrapped Kaohsiung.

Other history:

48 - GULFSWAMP Gulf Oil Corp., Philadelphia
60 - EMSPIROL Emder Tankschiff G.m.b.H., Emden [D. K. Ludwig, New York]
67 - NEREID Nereid SS. Corp., Panama [C Ventures, Inc. New York - Anthony Culucundis]

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1972 by Lung Jung Steel Corp., arr. prior 8.7.72

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Fort Laramie

Built: 10/43
Hull#: 288
USMC#: 1496
Later Names:
1948 R. F. Mcconnell
1958 Amoco Louisiana

History and Notes:
48 - R. F. McCONNELL Stanolind Marine Transport Co., Wilmington, Del. [Standard Oil Co. (Indiana)]
49 - University of Chicago, Wilmington, Del. [operated by American Oil Co., New York]
58 - AMOCO LOUISIANA s/o lengthened by replacement of cargo section with new mid-body built by Newport News SB. & DD. Co., Newport News, Va., resulting vessel 12,638 grt, 552.0ft x 75.2ft, delivered 10/58
63 - Marine Petroleum Carrier Corp., Wilmington, Del. [bareboat charter from Marine Transport Lines, ?]

Broken up at Castellon, July 1973, by Industrial y Comercial de Levante, S.A.

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Fort Bridger

Built: 2/44
Hull#: 289
USMC#: 1497
Later Names:
1963 Archer


History and Notes:
48 - United States Petroleum Carriers, Inc., New York [Aristotle S. Onassis]
57 - Alexander S. Onassis Corp., Monrovia
62 - Sunstone Marine Panama, S.A., Monrovia [Aristotle S. Onassis]
63 - ARCHER s/o

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1970 by Yung Tai Steel & Iron Works, Ltd., arr. 5.5.70, work began 20.6.70

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Fort Fetterman

Built: 1/44
Hull#: 290
USMC#: 1498
Later Names:



History and Notes:
48 - Independent Tankships, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [American Independent Oil Co., San Francisco]
55 - Chas. Kurz & Co., Inc. (Keystone Shipping Co.), Wilmington, Del.
58 - lengthened by replacement of cargo section with new mid-body built by Newport News SB. & DD. Co., resulting vessel 12,634 grt, 552.0 x 75.2ft delivered 6/58

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1976 by Tung Cheng Steel Manufacturing Co., Ltd., arr. prior 5.6.76, work began 2.7.76

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Wilson's Creek

Built: 4/44
Hull#: 291
USMC#: 1499
Later Names:
1947 Frontignan
1963 Ocean Hunter
1963 Agios Loukas
1964 Pescara
History and Notes:
1966: MARCO

FRONTIGNAN (1947 -1953) Callsign F.P.V.V. - T2 tanker 10172 grt. 6531 nrt. 16732 dwt. Measurements 159.56 oa - 151.20 pp x 20.74 x 11.96 meters ( 9.19 draught ). Steam turbine by General Electric, Lynn, connected to electric motor and screw shaft ( 6000 cv ), 16 knots. 04.1944 : completed by Alabama Drydock & Shipbuilding Co. (291), Mobile, Al. as WILSON'S CREEK tor U.S. War Shipping Administration. 1946 released to U.S. Maritime Commission. 06.1947: purchased by French Government and allocated to Mazout-Transports (Cie. de Navigation Mixte). Marseilles and renamed FRONTIGNAN. 1953 end of Management. 1958 owner restyled as Mobil-Transports then in 1962 as Mobil-Oil Française. 1963 sold to Cargian Steamship Corp., Liberia and renamed OCEANIC HUNTER. 1963 sold Loukas S.S. Inc., Liberia and renamed AGIOS LOUKAS. 1964 renamed PESCARA. 1966 : sold to San Constantinos, Cia. de Transportes Maritimos, Liberia and renamed MARCO R. 03.1969 : broken up at Castellon (Spain).

Source: Provided by Auke Visser via web feedback on 18 January 2006

Other history:

47 - FRONTIGNAN French Govt. - Min. de la Marine Marchande (Soc. Mazout Transports, mgrs.), Marseille
48 - Soc. Mazout Transports, Marseille [Socony Vacuum Française, mgd. by Cie. de Nav. Mixte]
59 - Soc. Mobil Transports, Marseille - s/o
63 - OCEANIC HUNTER Cargian Steamship Corp., Monrovia
63 - AGIOS LOUKAS Loukas Steamship, Inc., Monrovia [Geo. & Peter Lygnos]
64 - PESCARA s/o [Euclid Steamship Corp., New York - T. Calicchio]
66 - MARCO R. San Constantino Cia. de Transportes Maritimos S.A., Monrovia [Costantino Tomasos, Ltd., Naples]

Broken up at Castellon 1969 by Desguaces Maritimos, arr. 11.3.69

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San Juan Hill

Built: 5/44
Hull#: 292
USMC#: 1500
Later Names:
1948 Monitor
1957 Washington Trader

History and Notes:
48 - MONITOR North American Shipping & Trading Co., Inc., New York [Stavros S. Niarchos]
55 - U. S. Dept. of Commerce, New York
57 - WASHINGTON TRADER American Trading & Production Corp., Baltimore
6/65 - cargo section removed and replaced by mid-body from MISSION SAN FERNANDO (Marinship Yard #31) by General Dynamics Corp., Quincy, Mass.

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1973 by Chi Shun Hwa Steel Co., Ltd., arr. 24.1.73

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Bear Paw

Built: 6/44
Hull#: 293
USMC#: 1501
Later Names:
1947 Wilchief
1960 Wilpower
1963 Wildura
1968 Windsor
History and Notes:
47 - WILCHIEF Skips A/S Awilco (Anders Wilhelmsen), Oslo
60 - WILPOWER A/S Awilco - s/o
63 - WILDURA s/o conv. to bulk carrier by replacing bow and cargo section with new forebody built by Chantiers Réunis Loire-Normandie, Grand Quevilly, resulting vessel 15,966 grt, 551.6 x 78.7ft, delivered 1/63
68 - WINDSOR Winco Tankers, Inc., Panama [John Hadges, New York]

Dismantled 1968 - machinery section joined to forebody of tanker ABIQUA, re-named BEAR PAW, laid up at Mobile out of service until dismantled 1970, stern scrapped and forebody conv. to a barge

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Platte Bridge

Built: 6/44
Hull#: 294
USMC#: 1502
Later Names:
1947 Atlantic Shipper
1957 Wang Buccaneer
1959 Ozark
1960 Glenbrook
History and Notes:
47 - ATLANTIC SHIPPER Southern Trading Co., Wilmington, Del. (Philadelphia) (leased to Atlantic Refining Co.)
53 - Webb & Knapp, Inc., Wilmington, Del. (New York)
57 - WANG BUCCANEER Ozark Navigation Corp. (North Atlantic Marine Co., Inc.), New York
59 - OZARK s/o
60 - GLENBROOK Wall Street Traders, Inc., New York [American Bulk Carriers, Inc.]
64 - s/o, Monrovia

Broken up at Cadiz, May 1966, at Soc. Española de Const. Naval, Matagorda (laid up at Cadiz since May 1962, reported for conv. to bulk carrier, not done)

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Pocket Canyon

Built: 6/44
Hull#: 295
USMC#: 1503
Later Names:
1947 Atlantic Producer
1957 Producer
1972 American Rice
1974 Termini
History and Notes:
47 - ATLANTIC PRODUCER Southern Trading Co., Wilmington, Del. (Philadelphia) (leased to Atlantic Refining Co.)
53 - Webb & Knapp, Inc., Wilmington, Del. (New York)
57 - PRODUCER Marine Carriers Corp., New York
61 - converted to bulk carrier and lengthened by replacing cargo section, new mid-body built by Kure SB. & Engineering Co., Ltd., Kobe, resulting vessel 555.9ft x 75.2ft, delivered 10/61
72 - AMERICAN RICE American Rice SS. Co., New York [Freighters, Inc., San Francisco - John Alioto]
74 - TERMINI Sonana SS. Co., Panama [do.]

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1974 by Li Chong Steel & Iron Works Co., Ltd., arr. Kaohsiung, prior 3.8.74 in tow.

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Tule Canyon

Built: 6/44
Hull#: 296
USMC#: 1504
Later Names:
1948 Alberto Fassio


History and Notes:
48 - ALBERTO FASSIO Cia. Internazionale di Genova, Soc. di Nav., Genoa [Villain & Fassio]
57 - Villain & Fassio e Cia. Internazaione di Genova - Soc. Riunite di Nav. S.p.A., Genoa

Broken up at La Spezia, Oct. 1963, by Cant. Navali “Santa Maria” S.p.A.

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White Bird Canyon

Built: 7/44
Hull#: 297
USMC#: 1505
Later Names:
1948 Gonfreville
1962 Good Hope
1964 San Patrick
History and Notes:
48 - GONFREVILLE French Gov't. - Min. de la Marine Marchande (Cie. Française des Pétroles, mgrs.), Le Havre FR
56 - Cie. Navale des Pétroles, Le Havre
62 - GOOD HOPE Victor Shipping Corp., Monrovia [A. Triandafilou]
64 - SAN PATRICK Manor Investment Co., Inc., Monrovia [I. Gordon Mosvold & Karl Glastad] conv. to bulk carrier and lengthened at Kobe, 14,494 grt

Wrecked 17 Dec 1964, in heavy weather on Ulak Island, Aleutians, (51.19N-178.58W), voy. Vancouver - Yokohama, grain, broke up during the gale, no survivors.

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El Caney

Built: 7/44
Hull#: 298
USMC#: 1506
Later Names:
1948 Republic


History and Notes:
48 - REPUBLIC Petroleum Navigation Corp., Wilmington, Del. (Houston)
50 - Trafalgar Steamship Corp., Wilmington, Del. (New York) [Aristotle S. Onassis]
57 - Alexander S. Onassis Corp., Monrovia
62 - Rosedale Navigation Co., S.A., Monrovia [do.]

Broken up at Castellon, Sept. 1964 by Desguaces Ordas, arr. prior 20.6.64 in tow

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The Cabins

Built: 8/44
Hull#: 299
USMC#: 1507
Later Names:
1972 William T. Steele
1975 Penuelas

History and Notes:
48 - The Cabins Tankers, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [Texas City Refining, Inc., managed until c. 1955 by Mathiasen's Tanker Industries, Inc., Philadelphia]
59 - lengthened by replacement of cargo section with new mid-body, built by American Bridge Div., U.S. Steel Corp., Orange, Texas, fitted by Maryland SB. & DD. Co., Baltimore, resulting vessel, 12,573 grt, 552.5ft x 75.3ft, dlvd. 9/59
71 - WILLIAM T. STEELE Richmond Corp., Wilmington, Del. [Texas City Tankers Corp. - s/o]
75 - PENUELAS Flanigan Loveland Shipping Co. S.A. & Intercontinent Tankers, Inc., Panama PA

Broken up at Villanueva y Geltru 1978 by Salvamento y Demolicion Naval, sld. Augusta 24.7.78, work began 16.8.78

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Nordahl Grieg

Built: 8/44
Hull#: 300
USMC#: 1508
Later Names:
1962 Emporos
1966 Cosmopolitan
1973 Holy Cross
History and Notes:
46 - Skibs A/S Preba (Prebensen & Blakstad), Risør
62 - EMPOROS Rio Caribe Cia. Armadora S.A., Piraeus [Starboard Shipping, Inc., New York] conv. to bulk carrier by replacing cargo section with new midbody built by Rheinstahl Nordseewerke G.m.b.H., Emden, resulting vessel 14,878 rt, 583.6 x 75.3ft, delivered 6/62
63 - Marfiel Cia. Naviera S.A., Piraeus [John & George Dambassis]
66 - COSMOPOLITAN s/o, Monrovia
73 - HOLY CROSS s/o

Broken up at Sveti Kajo, Split 1978 by Brodospas, arr. 12.4.78

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The Cottonwoods

Built: 8/44
Hull#: 301
USMC#: 1509
Later Names:
1947 Hammersborg
1960 Potomac

History and Notes:
47 - HAMMERSBORG Johs. Hansens Rederi A/S (Bjørn Figenbaum, mgr.), Oslo
60 - POTOMAC International Navigation Corp., Monrovia [Tidewater Commercial Co., Baltimore]

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1966, arr. 4.4.66

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Barren Hill

Built: 9/44
Hull#: 302
USMC#: 1510
Later Names:
1960 Phyllis T. Conway


History and Notes:
Sold commercial (same name) 1948. December 1960 new fore and midship sections built by Blohm & Voss AG, Hamburg (measurements: 575 ft x 78 ft 6 in, 14,417 GRT, 24,585 DWT). Renamed PHYLLIS T CONWAY.

Source: Victory Ships and Tankers

47 - Lanmore Co., Inc., Panama [Cosmopolitan Shipping Co., New York]
48 - Panama Transoceanic Co. S.A., Panama [do.]
60 - PHYLLIS T. CONWAY s/o lengthened by replacing bow and cargo section with new forebody built by Blohm & Voss A.G., Hamburg, resulting vessel 14,417 grt, 548.4ft x 78.6ft, delivered 12/60

Broken up at San Esteban de Pravia 1975 by Deguinosa, arr. c. 2.10.75, work began 9.10.75

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Bemis Heights

Built: 9/44
Hull#: 303
USMC#: 1511
Later Names:
1947 Esso Wheeling


History and Notes:
Sailing from Santos to Abadan the American tanker "Esso Wheeling" went ashore on a reef off Quoin Point on November 5th, 1948, and broke in two in a heavy swell.

Source: Provided by Mr. Auke Visser on 17 December 2005.

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Briar Creek

Built: 9/44
Hull#: 304
USMC#: 1512
Later Names:
1948 North Carolina
1960 Texaco North Carolina
1973 Oswego Tarmac
History and Notes:
47 - The Texas Company, Wilmington, Del.
48 - NORTH CAROLINA s/o
60 - TEXACO NORTH CAROLINA s/o
71 - OSWEGO TARMAC Enterprise Shipping Corp. S.A., Panama [Marine Transport Lines, Inc., New York] PA

Damaged in collision with tanker ELEKTRA, 29 July 1977, at Curaçao, bitumen, CTL, Broken up at Santander 1977 by Recuperaciones Submarinas S.A., arr. 31.10.77 in tow

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Camp Defiance

Built: 10/44
Hull#: 305
USMC#: 1513
Later Names:
1947 Lavera
1952 Ventose
1961 Transasia
1965 Don Segundo Sombra
History and Notes:
1965 sold to Gotaas Larsen (Argentina) modified as a bulk carrier and re christened DON SEGUNDO SOMBRA. Later Gotaas-Larsen chamged name to Golaar-Martins. Eventually sold to Alianza Naviera Argentina, Buenos Aires. At the end of her long career she was sold for scrap. While she was towed by the tug ALIANZA from San Nicolas, Argentina to Bilbao, Spain to be scrapped, the tow line broke and the ship was sent adrift in the middle of a raging gale. On January 22, 1980 she was stranded near Candelaria Point, Spain (43º 43\' N 008º 41\' W) and was declared a total lost.

Source: Provided by Miguel Galdeano 9 December 2005.

Other history:

47 - LAVERA French Gov't. - Min. de la Marine Marchande (Cie. Nationale de Navigation, mgrs.), Rouen, FR
52 - VENTOSE s/o
55 - Cie. Nationale de Navigation, Rouen
61 - TRANSASIA Heathcote Shipping, Ltd., Nassau, N.P.
62 - Cia. Naviera Continental S.A., Monrovia [Ocean Shipping & Trading Corp., New York]
64 - DON SEGUNDO SOMBRA Gotaas-Larsen, Ltd., Monrovia
65 - Naviera Panamericana S.A., Buenos Aires [Jose Collazo] conv. to self-unloading bulk carrier / cargo transfer vessel by Marinens Hovedverft, Horten, 10,843 grt.
66 - Gotaas-Larsen S.r.l., Buenos Aires
78 - Alianza Naviera Argentina S.A., Buenos Aires - s/o

Wrecked 22 Jan 1980, off Punta Candelaria (43.43N-08.41W), after towline parted in bad weather, while being towed from San Nicolas, Argentina to Bilbao, for scrapping, wreck broke into three parts, CTL

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Chatterton Hill

Built: 10/44
Hull#: 306
USMC#: 1514
Later Names:
1947 Hyrcania


History and Notes:
47 - HYRCANIA Baltic Trading Co., Ltd., London

Broken up at Bilbao 1963 by Findeco S.A., arr. 26.4.63, work began 1.7.63

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Fort Stevens

Built: 10/44
Hull#: 307
USMC#: 1515
Later Names:



History and Notes:

47 - British Tanker Co., Ltd., London
56 - BP Tanker Co., Ltd., London - s/o

Broken up at Blyth 1959 by Hughes Bolckow, Ltd., arr. 5.10.59

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North Point

Built: 10/44
Hull#: 308
USMC#: 1516
Later Names:
1956 Esso Colon


History and Notes:
47 - Lanmore Co., Inc., Panama [Cosmopolitan Shipping Co., Inc., New York]
48 - North Point Corp., Panama [Nomis Corp., Pittsburgh, op. by Cosmopolitan Shipping Co., Inc.]
56 - ESSO COLON Panama Transport Co., Panama

Broken up at Trieste 1960 by Flli. Cosulich, arr. 2.7.60, work began in 9.60

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Paulus Hook

Built: 10/44
Hull#: 309
USMC#: 1517
Later Names:
1952 Caltex Wellington
1967 Texaco Wellington

History and Notes:
47 - Overseas Tankship Corp., Panama [Caltex]
52 - CALTEX WELLINGTON Overseas Tankship (U.K.), Ltd., London
68 - TEXACO WELLINGTON Texaco Overseas Tankship, Ltd., London lengthened by replacement of bow and cargo section with new forebody built by Hitachi SB. & Eng. Co., Ltd., Kanagawa SY, Kawaski, resulting vessel 13,887 grt, 549.4ft x 77.4ft, delivered 4/68

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1982, arr. prior 11.3.82, work began 25.3.82, completed 12.4.82

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Quaker Hill

Built: 10/44
Hull#: 310
USMC#: 1518
Later Names:
1951 Caltex Karachi


History and Notes:
47 - Overseas Tankship Corp., Panama [Caltex]
51 - CALTEX KARACHI s/o
52 - Overseas Tankship (U.K.), Ltd., London

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1966, work began 6.11.66

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Red Bank

Built: 11/44
Hull#: 311
USMC#: 1519
Later Names:
1959 Bank


History and Notes:

17th Jul.1947 purchased from U.S. Maritime Comission by British Tanker Co, London. Oct.1959 sold to Christiania Portland Cementfabrik, Oslo for use as an electricity generating station at Siemmestad, renamed BANK. Apr.1960 sold to Italian shipbreakers at Spezia as the water shortage which had threatened hydro-electric electricity supplies had ended.

Source: Provided by Ted Finch from The British Tankers by N. L. Middlemiss and also Lloyds Register

Other history:

47 - British Tanker Co., Ltd., London
56 - BP Tanker Co., Ltd., London - s/o
59 - BANK Christiania Portland Cementfabrik A/S, Oslo - for electrical generating service.

Broken up at La Spezia 1960 by Terrestre Marittima S.p.A., arr. 20.1.60, work began in early April 1960

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Grand River

Built: 11/44
Hull#: 312
USMC#: 2037
Later Names:
1950 Caltex Delft


History and Notes:
47 - Overseas Tankship Corp., Panama [Caltex]
50 - CALTEX DELFT N.V. Nederlandsche Pacific Tankvaart Mij., The Hague

Broken up at Nagasaki 1965, arr. 1.12.64, work began 1.2.65

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Cottonwood Creek

Built: 11/44
Hull#: 313
USMC#: 2038
Later Names:
1955 Brissac
1959 Bulk Mariner
1960 Cottonwood Creek
History and Notes:
2nd Jun.1947 purchased from U.S. Maritime Comission by British Tanker Co, London. Apr.1955 transferred to BTC subsidiary - Societe Maritime de Petroles BP, Paris renamed BRISSAC. 1959 sold to Zeeland Transportation Co, Liberia, converted to a bulk carrier and renamed BULK MARINER. 1960 sold to Bulk Transport, Inc., USA renamed COTTONWOOD CREEK. 1965 sold to Ogden Bulk Transport Inc, New York. 5th Jan.1970 aground off Honduras in position 15.51N 82.18W on voyage New Orleans to Saigon. Feb.1970 abandoned as a Constructive Total Loss.

Source: Provided by Ted Finch from The British Tankers by N. L. Middlemiss and also Lloyds Register

Other history:

47 - British Tanker Co., Ltd., London
55 - BRISSAC Soc. Maritime des Pétroles BP, Dunkerque
59 - BULK MARINER Zeeland Transportation, Ltd., Monrovia [North Atlantic Marine Co., New York] conv. to bulk carrier by A/S Stord Verft, Stord, 10,232 grt, delivered 12/59
60 - COTTONWOOD CREEK Bulk Transport, Inc., New York [Oriental Exporters, Inc.]
69 - Ogden Bulk Transport, Inc., New York - s/o [Ogden Marine, Inc. - do.]

Stranded 5 Jan 1970, on a coral reef off Honduras, in 15.51.5N-82.18.5W, voy. New Orleans - Saigon, wheat and rice

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Little Butte

Built: 11/44
Hull#: 314
USMC#: 2039
Later Names:
1948 Mermaid


History and Notes:
48 - MERMAID North American Shipping & Trading Co., Inc., New York [Stavros S. Niarchos]
55 - U. S. Dept. of Commerce - Maritime Administration, New York
57 - Metro Petroleum Shipping Co., Inc., New York [Mar-Trade Corp.]

Broken up at Hong Kong 1963 by Fuji, Marden & Co., Ltd., arr. 5.8.63, work began 14.12.63

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Fort Ridgely

Built: 11/44
Hull#: 315
USMC#: 2040
Later Names:
1950 Caltex Leiden
1966 Chevron Leiden

History and Notes:
47 - Overseas Tankship Corp., Panama
50 - CALTEX LEIDEN N.V. Nederlandsche Pacific Tankvaart Mij., The Hague
66 - lengthened by replacement of bow and cargo section with new forebody built by Hitachi SB. & Eng. Co., Ltd., Kanagawa Shipyard, Kawasaki, 13,785 grt, 550.0 x 77.4ft delivered 11/66
68 - CHEVRON LEIDEN Chevron Tankers (Nederland), N.V., The Hague - s/o

Damaged by turbine explosion, 1 Nov 1976, Broken up at Kaohsiung 1977 by Gi Yuen Steel Enterprise Co., Ltd., delivered as LEIDEN, arr. 17.2.77 in tow, work began 20.3.77

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Rogue River

Built: 12/44
Hull#: 316
USMC#: 2041
Later Names:
1959 Hunsfos
1960 Apache
1968 Pacmerchant
History and Notes:
13th May 1947 purchased from U.S. Maritime Comission by British Tanker Co, London. Oct.1959 sold to A/S Gerrards Rederi, Kristiansand, Norway for use as an electricity generating station, renamed HUNSFORS. 1960 renamed APACHE. 1961 converted to bulk carrier, new fore part fitted at Hamburg by Blohm & Voss - new measurements - length 574.5ft x beam 78.9ft, 15,781 gross tons. 1968 sold to Philippine Pacific Shipping Co, Panama renamed PACMERCHANT. Feb.1977 arrived Kaohsiung for scrapping.

Source: Provided by Ted Finch from The British Tankers by N. L. Middlemiss and also Lloyds Register

Other history:

47 - British Tanker Co., Ltd., London
56 - BP Tanker Co., Ltd. - s/o
59 - HUNSFOS A/S Gerrards Rederi II (Johan Gerrard), Kristiansand (for service as floating power plant)
60 - APACHE Skibs A/S Abu (Magnus Konow A/S), Oslo, conv. to bulk carrier by Blohm & Voss A.G., Hamburg and lengthened work completed 1/62 new forepart 15,781 grt 545.0 x 78.8ft
68 - PACMERCHANT Philippine Pacific Shipping Co., Panama [Lasco Shipping Co., Portland, Ore.]

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1977 by Keun Hwa Iron Steel Works & Ent. Ltd., arr. 26.2.77, work began 1.4.77

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The Yakima

Built: 12/44
Hull#: 317
USMC#: 2042
Later Names:
1947 Federico G. Fassio
1962 Articulo 32 Constitucional
1964 Janill
1966 Lake Luzerne
History and Notes:
47 - FEDERICO G. FASSIO Cia. Internazionale di Genoa Soc. di Navigazione, Genoa
57 - Villain & Fassio e Cia. Internazionale di Genova Soc. Riunite di Nav. S.p.A., Genoa
62 - ARTICULO 32 CONSTITUCIONAL Flota Mercante Nacional S.A., Tampico ME
63 - JANILL Hemlock Shipping Co., Inc., Monrovia [A. Triandafilou]
66 - LAKE LUZERNE s/o [Trinity Shipping, Inc. - Robert Rosenthal]

Sold 1968 to Cosmos Carriers & Trading Co., Broken up at Kaohsiung 1968, arr. 15.9.68

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Beecher Island

Built: 12/44
Hull#: 318
USMC#: 2043
Later Names:



History and Notes:
4th Nov.1947 purchased from U.S. Maritime Comission by British Tanker Co, London. Oct.1959 arrived at Barrow for scrapping.

Source: Provided by Ted Finch from The British Tankers by N. L. Middlemiss and also Lloyds Register

Other history:

47 - British Tanker Co., Ltd., London
56 - BP Tanker Co., Ltd., London - s/o

Broken up at Barrow 1959 by T. W. Ward, Ltd., arr. 8.10.59

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Ash Hollow

Built: 1/45
Hull#: 319
USMC#: 2044
Later Names:
1944 Kirkenes
1947 Hidlefjord
1959 Oswego Transporter
History and Notes:

From Victory Ships and Tankers by Sawyer and Mitchell:

Sold to Norway in 1947 and renamed Hidlefjord. Sold in 1959 and renamed Oswego Transporter. Adrift with engine trouble in the Pacific Ocean on Febr. 22-1960 in 10 30S 78 41W when on a voyage from Callao (just outside Lima, Peru) to Talara. Taken in tow the next day by tanker Andromeda. Arrived in tow at Callao on Febr. 25-1960, where it was found that there was main generator and turbine damage with casing buckled and torn owing to failure of governor, which caused racing. There was also severe boiler damage due to use of salt water. It was found that the damage was beyond economical repair and the tanker was sold to breakers. It left Callao on July 23-1960 in tow of the Dutch tug Clyde and arrived Antwerp in Sept.-1960 to be broken up.

Other history:

45 - KIRKENES Norwegian Govt. (bareboat charter from WSA), Oslo
47 - HIDLEFJORD Skips A/S Hidlefjord (Kornelius Olsen), Stavanger
59 - OSWEGO TRANSPORTER Canterbury Investments, Ltd., Nassau, N.P.

Adrift with engine trouble 22 Feb 1960 off the coast of Peru, generator and turbines damaged, Broken up at Antwerp 1960 by Jos. de Smedt, arr. 6.9.60 in tow

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Mobile Bay

Built: 1/45
Hull#: 320
USMC#: 2045
Later Names:
1947 Zeitoun
1959 Modal
1962 Penn Exporter
History and Notes:

From Victory Ships and Tankers by Sawyer and Mitchell:

In late 1959 she was sold by the Baltic Trading Co to Thorvald Klaveness & Co, Norway for use as a floating power plant in Scandinavian ports and renamed MODAL. In 1961 she was converted to a dry cargo ship, sold to Penn Shipping Co, USA and renamed PENN EXPORTER. On 7th May 1970 she arrived at Hamilton, Bermuda in tow after boiler trouble on voyage Bizerta to New Orleans and later continued her voyage. 8th June 1970 towed into Cristobal short of fuel and water while bound New Orleans to Saigon with wheat. Her fuel shortage was attributed to deficient boilers. After bunkering she sailed on 10th June but put into Manzanillo, Mexico with further boiler trouible. A survey showed main machinery in poor condition, boilers in need of renewal and all electrical equipment rapidly deteriorating. Large quantities of oil and water found in the bilges and covering the much of the auxiliary machinery. The ship was then towed to Saigon and her cargo discharged. On 4th Aug.1970 she left in tow of the tug SAMSON for Kaohsiung, Taiwan where she was scrapped.

Other history:

47 - ZEITOUN Baltic Trading Co., Ltd., London
59 - MODAL I/S Modal (Torvald Klaveness), Oslo
61 - PENN EXPORTER Penn Export Co., Inc. (Penn Shipping Co., Inc.), New York US converted to bulk carrier by Lübecker Flenderwerke A.G., 10,534 grt dlvd. Oct. 1961

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1971 by Chi Shun Hwa Steel Co., arr. 12.10.70 in tow with boiler damage, work began 20.1.71

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Pit River

Built: 1/45
Hull#: 321
USMC#: 2046
Later Names:
1947 Memory
1957 National Peace

History and Notes:
47 - MEMORY North American Shipping & Trading Co., Inc., New York [Stavros S. Niarchos]
55 - U. S. Dept. of Commerce - Maritime Administration, New York
57 - NATIONAL PEACE Pan Cargo Shipping Corp., New York [John Theodoracopulos - National Sg. & Tg. Corp.]

Stranded 11 Aug 1959 on Kiltan Island, near the Laccadives (11.33N-73.01E), voy. Bahrein - Manila, petrol & oil, CTL, refloated prev. 5 March 1962, towed to Bombay 13 March, sold for scrapping to Tayabhai Mohamedali Bagasrawala, broken up Oct. 1963 at Bombay

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Fort Robinson

Built: 1/45
Hull#: 322
USMC#: 2047
Later Names:
1948 Esso Binghamton
1964 Marine Transoil

History and Notes:
48 - ESSO BINGHAMTON Standard Oil Co. (New Jersey), Wilmington, Del.
50 - Esso Shipping Company, Wilmington, Del.
63 - MARINE TRANSOIL Marine Corp., Wilmington, Del. [Marine Transport Lines, Inc., New York]

Broken up at Faslane 1965 by Shipbreaking Industries, Ltd., arr. 9.5.65

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Palo Duro

Built: 2/45
Hull#: 323
USMC#: 2048
Later Names:
1947 Theliconus


History and Notes:
1947 purchased from USMC by Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co, London renamed THELONICUS, 1962 scrapped at Dalmuir.

Source: Provided by Mr. Ted Finch on 18 December 2005 from The Anglo-Saxon / Shell Tankers by N. L. Middlemiss and Lloyds Register

Other history:

47 - THELICONUS Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co., Ltd., London
55 - Shell Petroleum Co., Ltd., London
60 - Shell Tankers, Ltd., London

Broken up at Dalmuir 1962 by W. H. Arnott, Young & Co., arr. 29.5.62

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Crow Wing

Built: 2/45
Hull#: 324
USMC#: 2049
Later Names:
1947 Tectus


History and Notes:
1947 purchased from USMC by Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co, London renamed TECTUS, 1961 scrapped at Blyth.

Source: Provided by Mr. Ted Finch on 18 December 2005 from The Anglo-Saxon / Shell Tankers by N. L. Middlemiss and Lloyds Register

Other history:

47 - TECTUS Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co., Ltd., London
55 - Shell Petroleum Co., Ltd., London
60 - Shell Tankers, Ltd., London

Broken up at Blyth 1961 by Hughes Bolckow, Ltd., arr. 7.7.61

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Pawnee Rock

Built: 2/45
Hull#: 325
USMC#: 2050
Later Names:
1951 Caltex Dublin


History and Notes:
47 - Overseas Tankship Corp., Panama [Caltex]
51 - CALTEX DUBLIN Overseas Tankship (U.K.), Ltd., London

Broken up at Onomichi 1965 by Koshin Sangyo K.K., arr. 14.8.65, work began 21.8.65

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Sandy Lake

Built: 2/45
Hull#: 326
USMC#: 2051
Later Names:
1947 Berre
1947 Prairial
1959 Segovia
1964 Serena
History and Notes:
47 - BERRE French Government - Min. de la Marine Marchande
47 - PRAIRIAL s/o (Soc. des Transports Maritimes Pétroliers S.A., mgrs.), Rouen
55 - Soc. des Transports Maritimes Pétroliers, S.A., Rouen
59 - SEGOVIA Soc. Pacifica Marina S.A., Monrovia [N. J. Goulandris, Ltd.]
64 - SERENA Serena Shipping, Ltd., Monrovia [Keystone Shipping Co., Philadelphia]
65 - SANDY LAKE Chas. Kurz & Co., Inc., Wilmington, Del. [Keystone Shipping Co., Philadelphia] lengthened by replacing bow and cargo section with new forebody built by Namora Shipyard Co., Osaka, fitted by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Yokohama, resulting vessel, 15,959 grt, 581.8 x 82.2ft, delivered 2/65

Broken up at Gadani Beach 1977, work began June 1977, had arrived at Karachi 28.8.75 for delivery

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Piqua

Built: 2/45
Hull#: 327
USMC#: 2052
Later Names:
1946 Pan Pennsylvania
1955 Amoco Pennsylvania
1957 Carma Zulia
History and Notes:
46 - PAN-PENNSYLVANIA Pan-American Petroleum & Transport Co., Wilmington, Del. [Standard Oil Co. (Indiana)]
54 - American Oil Co., Baltimore (New York)
55 - AMOCO PENNSYLVANIA s/o
57 - CARMA ZULIA Carib Marine Co., Monrovia [Standard Oil Co. (Indiana)]
62 - American Oil Co., Monrovia

Sold 1963 to Boston Metals Co., Baltimore, partially dismantled, Broken up at Bilbao 1964, arr. 29.7.64 in tow, work began the following day

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Fort Pitt

Built: 2/45
Hull#: 328
USMC#: 2053
Later Names:
1948 Pan Virginia
1956 Amoco Virginia
1957 Carma Falcon
History and Notes:
46 - PAN-VIRGINIA Pan-American Petroleum & Transport Co., Wilmington, Del. [Standard Oil Co. (Indiana)]
54 - American Oil Co., Baltimore (New York)
56 - AMOCO VIRGINIA s/o
57 - CARMA FALCON Carib Marine Co., Monrovia [Standard Oil Co. (Indiana)]
62 - American Oil Co., Monrovia
63 - Pan American Overseas Oil Co., Monrovia [do.]

Broken up at Bilbao 1969 by Revalorizacion de Materiales S.A., arr. 12.12.68, work began in 1.69

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Sideling Hill

Built: 2/45
Hull#: 329
USMC#: 2054
Later Names:
1953 Caltex Rome
1968 Texaco Rome

History and Notes:
47 - Overseas Tankship Corp., Panama [Caltex]
53 - CALTEX ROME s/o
54 - Overseas Tankship (U.K.), Ltd., London
68 - TEXACO ROME Texaco Overseas Tankship, Ltd., London - s/o lengthened by replacing bow and cargo section with new forebody built by Hitachi SB. & Eng. Co., Ltd., Kanagawa SY, Kawasaki, resulting vessel 13,892 grt, 540.0ft x 77.3ft delivered 12/68

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1981 by Kuo Dar Steel & Iron Enterprise Co., Ltd., work began 15.8.81

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Blue Licks

Built: 3/45
Hull#: 330
USMC#: 2055
Later Names:
1950 Caltrex Utrecht
1966 Praia Branca

History and Notes:
47 - Overseas Tankship Corp., Panama [Caltex]
50 - CALTEX UTRECHT N.V. Nederlandsche Pacific Tankvaart Mij., The Hague
66 - PRAIA BRANCA Lisnave Shipyard, Lisbon - conv. to tank cleaning and slop reception hulk 1967 - harbor service only (hulk)

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Golden Hill

Built: 3/45
Hull#: 331
USMC#: 2056
Later Names:
1948 Gulfpeak
1960 Montauk Point
1962 Westhampton
1963 Granapolis
History and Notes:
47 - Gulf Oil Corp., Philadelphia
48 - GULFPEAK s/o
60 - MONTAUK POINT Seatrade Corp. (Cargo & Tankship Management Corp.), New York
62 - WESTHAMPTON s/o conv. to bulk carrier by H. C. Stülcken Sohn, Hamburg by replacement of cargo section, lengthened, 15,062 grt, 584.0 x 75.9ft, work completed 8/62
63 - GRANAPOLIS Marine Traders, Inc. (American Bulk Carriers, Inc.), New York
63 - NORINA s/o [Wall Street Traders, Inc.]
68 - PEARY s/o [Management & Shipping Transport, Inc. - Wm. R. Dotson]
70 - PENN LEADER Penn Navigation Co. (Penn Shipping Co., Inc.), New York
74 - LORANA Honourable Carriers, Inc., Panama [V. K. Eddie Hsu, Hong Kong]

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1977 by Nan Eng Steel Enterprise Co., Ltd., arr. 17.8.77, work began 23.9.77

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War Bonnet

Built: 3/45
Hull#: 332
USMC#: 2057
Later Names:
1950 Caltex Pernis


History and Notes:
47 - Overseas Tankship Corp., Panama [Caltex]
50 - CALTEX PERNIS N.V. Nederlandsche Pacific Tankvaart Mij., The Hague

Broken up at Hirao 1967 by Matsukura Kaiji K.K., arr. 13.3.67, work began 15.4.67

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Honningsvaag

Built: 4/45
Hull#: 333
USMC#: 2058
Later Names:
1947 Thorunn
1961 St. Christopher
1968 Globe Traveler
1968 Overseas Traveler
History and Notes:
47 - THORUNN Tønnevolds Tankrederi A/S (Olaf Tønnevold & Sønner A/S), Grimstad
61 - SAINT CHRISTOPHER Olga Konow, Inc., New York (conv. to bulk carrier, new fore and midbody built by Soc. des Chant. Réunis Loire-Normandie Chants. de Normandie, Aug. 1962, 15,147 grt, 551.9 x 78.7ft)
64 - GLOBE TRAVELER Intercontinental Transportation Co., Inc., New York [Maritime Overseas Corp.]
67 - Ocean Clippers, Inc. (Maritime Overseas Corp.), New York
68 - OVERSEAS TRAVELER s/o
78 - TRAVELER Ogden Traveler Transport, Inc. (Ogden Marine, Inc.), New York

Broken up at Alang 1983 by Haryana Steel, arr. 13.9.83, work began in Oct. 1983

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Kathio

Built: 4/45
Hull#: 334
USMC#: 2059
Later Names:
1948 Gulfkey
1958 Gulfseal

History and Notes:
48 - GULFKEY Gulf Oil Corp., Philadelphia
58 - GULFSEAL Delships, Inc., Wilmington Del. [Gulf Oil Corp.] lengthened by replacement of cargo section with new midbody by Maryland SB. & DD. Co., Baltimore, 12,670 grt, 552.5 x 75.3ft , work completed Dec 1958
79 - POINT REVERE Point Resolute Corp. (Point Shipping Corp.), New York

Broken up at Gadani Beach 1983 by Rahmatullah Hossen, Ltd., arr. Karachi 31.5.83 for delivery, work began 3.9.83

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Spirit Lake

Built: 4/45
Hull#: 335
USMC#: 2060
Later Names:
1947 Esso Bridgeport
1964 Marine Texan

History and Notes:
48 - ESSO BRIDGEPORT Standard Oil Company (New Jersey), Wilmington, Del.
50 - Esso Shipping Company, Wilmington, Del.
60 - Humble Oil & Refining Co., Wilmington, Del.
63 - MARINE TEXAN Marine Sulphur Carriers Corp. (Marine Transport Lines, Inc.), Wilmington, Del. (New York) conv. for carriage of molten sulphur in bulk by replacement of bow and cargo section with new forebody built by Alabama DD. & SB. Co., Mobile, resulting vessel, 10,065 grt, 588.1 x 78.6ft, delivered 1/64

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1988 by Chi Shun Hua Steel Co., Ltd., arr. prior 2.5.88 in tow, work began 8.6.88

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Kaposia

Built: 4/45
Hull#: 336
USMC#: 2061
Later Names:
1960 Punta Arenas


History and Notes:

From Victory Ships and Tankers by Sawyer and Mitchell:

1947: Sold commercial (same name) to National Bulk Carriers, Inc. 1948: Re-engined with two steam turbines. October 1960: New fore and midship sections built by Schlieker Werft, Willy H. Schlieker KG, Hamburg (measurements: 574ft 6in oa x 78ft 6in, 14,392GRT, 23,300DWT). October 1972: Sailed Valparaiso in tow, bound for Kaohsiung shipbreakers.

Other history:

48 - National Bulk Carriers, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [Daniel K. Ludwig, New York] re-engined 1ST (aft)
51 - American Tanker Corp. of Delaware, Wilmington, Del. [do.]
55 - Sea Carriers, Inc., Monrovia [Cia. Chilena de Nav. Interoceanica, Valparaiso]
60 - PUNTA ARENAS Soc. Anon. de Nav. Petrolera, Valparaiso Lengthened by replacing bow and cargo section with new forebody built by Schlieker Werft, Hamburg, resulting vessel 14,392 grt, 548.4ft x 78.6ft delivered 10/60

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1973 by Great China Steel Enterprise Co., Ltd.,, arr. prior 15.2.73, work began 10.4.73

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Chicaca

Built: 5/45
Hull#: 337
USMC#: 2062
Later Names:
1952 Caltex Saigon
1967 Texaco Saigon
1975 Texaco Singapore
History and Notes:
47 - Overseas Tankship Corp., Panama [Caltex]
52 - CALTEX SAIGON s/o
59 - Overseas Tankship (U.K.), Ltd., London
67 - lengthened by replacing bow and cargo section with new forebody built by Hitachi SB. & Eng. Co., Ltd., Kanagawa SY, Kawasaki, resulting vessel, 13,892 grt, 546.8ft x 78.1ft, delivered 3/67
68 - TEXACO SAIGON Texaco Overseas Tankship, Ltd., London - s/o
75 - TEXACO SINGAPORE s/o

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1981 by Chi Young Steel Enterprise Co., Ltd., sld. Singapore Roads 26.6.81, work began 14.7.81

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Ackia

Built: 5/45
Hull#: 338
USMC#: 2063
Later Names:
1947 Tagelus


History and Notes:
47 - TAGELUS Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co., Ltd., London
55 - Shell Petroleum Co., Ltd., London
60 - Shell Tankers, Ltd., London

Broken up at Rosyth 1961 by Shipbreaking Industries, Ltd., arr. 29.6.61

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Boonesborough

Built: 5/45
Hull#: 339
USMC#: 2064
Later Names:
1950 Caltex The Hague
1967 Chevron The Hague

History and Notes:
47 - Overseas Tankship Corp., Panama [Caltex]
50 - CALTEX THE HAGUE N.V. Nederlandsche Pacific Tankvaart Mij., The Hague
67 - lengthened by replacement of bow and cargo section with new forebody built by Hitachi SB. & Eng. Co., Ltd., Kanagawa SY, Kawasaki, resulting vessel 13,894 grt, 550.0 x 77.4ft delivered 8/67
67 - CHEVRON THE HAGUE Chevron Tankers (Nederland) N.V., The Hague - s/o

Broken up at Santander 1983 by Desbar S.A., arr. 29.11.83

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Council Grove

Built: 6/45
Hull#: 340
USMC#: 2613
Later Names:
1980 Cove Tide


History and Notes:
46 - Cities Service Oil Co., New York
61 - Tankships, Inc., New York [Cities Service Oil Co.]
61 - lengthened and widened by installation of new-midbody built by Verolme Scheepswerf, Heusden, fitted by Maryland SB. & DD. Co., Baltimore, work completed Nov. 1961, 15,254 grt, 614.8 x 75.2ft
76 - International Ocean Transport Corp., Philadelphia (formerly Cities Service Tankers Corp.)
80 - COVE TIDE Cove Tide Corp. (Cove Shipping, Inc.), New York
Broken up at Gadani Beach 1983 by MEC Shipbreakers, Ltd., arr. 21.9.83, work began 26.11.83

Listed as scrapped Gadani Beach 21 September 1983, but was reported on 16 Feb 07 to be serving as a crane ship/barge for Dynamic Marine in the Gulf of Mexico.

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Gold Creek

Built: 6/45
Hull#: 341
USMC#: 2614
Later Names:
1947 Pan Georgia
1956 Sealane

History and Notes:
Re-engined 1948 to steam turbine; engines made 1946, 9,350SHP. Boilers made 1941, installed 1948. Converted to dredge in 1956. 1963 under Continental Dredging Company.

Damaged by stranding, 25 June 1946, off Gay Head, Marthas Vineyard, Mass (41.17N-70.49W), voy. Houston - Providence, oil, refloated, heavy bottom damage, sold.
46 - National Bulk Carriers, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [Daniel K. Ludwig, New York]
47 - PAN GEORGIA s/o shortened by Todd Shipyards Corp., New York, 467.5ft, 9,179 grt
48 - re-engined 1ST (aft) (engine built 1946)
Exploded and burned, 23 July 1953, while discharing high octane gasoline & fuel oil at Wilmington, Del., towed to Baltimore & laid up. Arrived Kure 5/55 for conversion
55 - SEALANE Universe Tankships, Inc., Monrovia [do.] converted to suction dredger 6,663 grt, by National Bulk Carriers, Inc., Kure Shipyards Div., Kure, Japan, cmptld. 6/56
63 - Continental Dredging Co., Monrovia [do.]
Reported broken up at Hong Kong 1981, arr. in tow prior 12.1.81, however apparently resold
81 - ASIALANE Green Diamond Enterprises S.A., Panama

Broken up (rptd. LCI 1983 “subsequently sold to breakers”)

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Dobytown

Built: 7/45
Hull#: 342
USMC#: 2615
Later Names:
1947 La Mede
1948 Celimene
1961 Finisterre
1963 Skopelos
History and Notes:
47 - LA MÉDÉ French Government - Min. de la Marine Marchande
48 - CÉLIMÈNE Cie. Africaine d'Armement, Le Havre [Cie. Auxiliaire de Navigation]
61 - FINISTERRE Madison Steamship Corp., Monrovia [A. Giacoumis]
63 - SKOPELOS s/o conv. to bulk carrier and lengthened by replacing bow and cargo section with new forebody built by Deutsche Werft A.G., Hamburg, resulting vessel, 14,133 grt, 573.5 x 75.3ft, delivered 10/63
65 - ASTERI Astromarine Corp., Monrovia [Starboard Shiping, Inc., New York]
73 - MOUNT ATHOS s/o

Broken up at La Spezia 1978 by Cantieri Lotti, arr. 22.4.78

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Wagon Mound

Built: 7/45
Hull#: 343
USMC#: 2616
Later Names:
1952 Caltex Stockholm
1967 Loyal Hunters

History and Notes:
47 - Overseas Tankship Corp., Panama [Caltex]
52 - CALTEX STOCKHOLM s/o
67 - LOYAL HUNTERS Loyal Navigation Co., S.A., Panama [China Marine Investment Co., Ltd., Hong Kong]

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1969, arr. 7.9.69, work began in 10.69

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Phantom Hill

Built: 7/45
Hull#: 344
USMC#: 2617
Later Names:
1947 Merrimac
1957 Barbara
1972 Julie
History and Notes:
47 - MERRIMAC North American Shipping & Trading Co., Inc., New York [Stavros S. Niarchos]
55 - U. S. Dept. of Commerce - Maritime Administration, New York
57 - BARBARA Commerce Tankers Corp., Wilmington, Del. [Pan-Atlantic Development Corp., New York]
59 - s/o [Milton Pilalis & Co., New York]
63 - lengthened by fitting of new mid-body section built by Soc. Española de Const. Naval, Cadiz, fitted by Bethlehem Steel Co., SB. Div., Baltimore, resulting vessel 15,148 grt, 601.3 x 75.2ft, dlvd. 4/63
72 - JULIE Plaza Shipping, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [Mount Shipping, Inc., New York]
73 - MOUNT JULIE Navegacion Granada S.A., Panama [do.]
75 - Cia. Maritima Sfakia S.A., Panama [do.]

Broken up at Inchon 1976 by Ssang Yong Trading Co., Ltd., arr. 10.4.76, work began 28.4.76

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Raton Pass

Built: 7/45
Hull#: 345
USMC#: 2618
Later Names:
1948 Gulfpass
1965 Mona Pass

History and Notes:
48 - GULFPASS Gulf Oil Corp., Philadelphia
65 - MONA PASS Afran Transport Co., Monrovia

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1973 by Long Jong Industry Co., Ltd., arr. 16.6.73

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Archers Hope

Built: 8/45
Hull#: 346
USMC#: 2619
Later Names:
1956 Joseph S. Young
1969 H. Lee White

History and Notes:
47 - Ships, Inc., New York [Cities Service Oil Co.]
56 - JOSEPH S. YOUNG American SS. Co., Inc. (Boland & Cornelius), Buffalo lengthened and converted to self-unloading bulk carrier for Great Lakes service by Maryland SB. & DD. Co., Baltimore, work completed June 1957, 12,489 grt, 572.0 x 68.2ft
66 - lengthened by American SB. Co., Chicago, Illinois, completed April 1966, 14,452 grt, 656.0ft
69 - H. LEE WHITE s/o
74 - SHARON s/o

Sold for scrapping 1986 at Brownsville, Texas, arr. 20.8.86 in tow from Quebec 16 July 1986, reported scrapped 1990

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Ninety-six

Built: 8/45
Hull#: 347
USMC#: 2856
Later Names:
1947 Atlantic Transporter
1956 Pan Oceanic Transporter
1960 Penn Transporter
1971 Henna
History and Notes:
1947 purchased from USMC by Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co, London, 1947 resold to Southern Trading Co, Wilmington renamed ATLANTIC TRANSPORTER. 1953 sold to Pan Oceanic Nav. Corp, NY, 1956 renamed PANOCEANIC TRANSPORTER, 1958 sold to Penn Navigation Co renamed PENN TRANSPORTER. 1960 converted to dry cargo ship, 1971 sold to Overseas Bulk Shipping Corp., Panama renamed HENNA. 3rd Mar.1971 Hull cracked and leaked on voyage Bunbury to Savannah with ilmenite ore in position 34.57S 72..08E. Presumed sank.

Source: Provided by Mr. Ted Finch on 18 December 2005 from The Anglo-Saxon / Shell Tankers by N. L. Middlemiss and Lloyds Register

Other history:

47 - ATLANTIC TRANSPORTER Southern Trading Co., Wilmington, Del. [leased to Atlantic Refining Co.]
53 - Pan-Oceanic Navigation Corp., New York [do.]
56 - PAN-OCEANIC TRANSPORTER s/o
57 - Penn Navigation Co. (Penn Shipping Co.), New York
59 - PENN TRANSPORTER s/o
60 - conv. to bulk carrier by Lübecker Flender-Werke, Lübeck, 10,277 grt, dlvd. 12/60
70 - HENNA Oversea Bulkshipping Corp., Panama [Y. C. Cheng]

Sprang leaks in bad weather, 3 March 1971, in the Indian Ocean, in abt. 34.57S-72.08E, voy. Bunbury - Savannah, ilmenite, abandoned 5 March in sinking condition, presumed sunk prior 14 March.

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Moccasin Gap

Built: 9/45
Hull#: 348
USMC#: 2857
Later Names:
1952 Caltex Suez


History and Notes:
47 - Overseas Tankship Corp., Panama [Caltex]
52 - CALTEX SUEZ s/o
59 - Overseas Tankship (U.K.), Ltd., London

Broken up at Osaka, May 1962, by Hanwa Kogyo

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Cabusto

Built: 9/45
Hull#: 349
USMC#: 2858
Later Names:
1952 Caltex Venice
1968 Chevron Venice

History and Notes:
47 - Overseas Tankship Corp., Panama [Caltex]
52 - CALTEX VENICE s/o
65 - lengthened by replacing bow and cargo section with new forebody built by Hitachi SB. & Eng. Co., Ltd., Innoshima, resulting vessel 13,991 grt, 543.9 x 77.4ft, delivered 4/65
68 - CHEVRON VENICE s/o

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1977 by Sing Cheng Yung Iron & Steel Co., Ltd., arr. 21.5.77, work began 14.7.77

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Fort Mims

Built: 10/45
Hull#: 350
USMC#: 2859
Later Names:
1963 Arizona Standard


History and Notes:
47 - California Oil Company, Wilmington, Del.
52 - California Tanker Company, Wilmington, Del. (New York) [Standard Oil Co. of California]
62 - ARIZONA STANDARD Standard Oil Co. of California, San Francisco
Collided with tanker OREGON STANDARD, 18 Jan 1971, in dense fog, under Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, voy. Estero Bay - San Francisco, crude oil, 56ft section of her bow removed and replaced with bow section from OREGON STANDARD.

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1973 by Kwang Yi Steel & Iron Co., Ltd., arr. 22.11.72, work began 3.2.73

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Seneca Castle

Built: 10/45
Hull#: 351
USMC#: 2860
Later Names:
1951 Caltex Adelaide


History and Notes:
47 - Overseas Tankship Corp., Panama [Caltex]
50 - Overseas Tankship (U.K.), Ltd., London
51 - CALTEX ADELAIDE s/o

Broken up at Hirao, June 1962, by Matsukura K.K. (sold while laid up at Innoshima)

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Rock Landing

Built: 10/45
Hull#: 352
USMC#: 2861
Later Names:
1962 Hawaii Standard
1972 Nevada Standard

History and Notes:
47 - California Oil Company, Wilmington, Del.
52 - California Tanker Company, Wilmington, Del. (New York) [Standard Oil Co. of California]
62 - HAWAII STANDARD Standard Oil Co. of California, San Francisco
72 - NEVADA STANDARD s/o

Broken up at Kaohsiung 1977 by Sing Cheng Yung Iron & Steel Co., Ltd., arr. 19.10.77, work began 17.12.77

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Black River

Built: 10/45
Hull#: 353
USMC#: 2862
Later Names:
1947 Ponca City
1948 Marine Leader
1956 Maxton
1962 Potomac
History and Notes:

From Victory Ships and Tankers by Sawyer and Mitchell:

August 1962, converted to bulk carrier. New midship section built by Iino SB & E Co., Maizuri, Japan (new measurements: 572ft x 75ft 2in, 13,858GRT, 21,900DWT).

In April 1956 and experiment was made with a new method of cargo carrying whereby loaded containers were carried on a specially designed deck constructed on a tanker in a "lift on-lift off" role.

The service, the forerunner of the container ship, involved the loading and sealing of a container at the factory, dispatch to the dockside and lifting of the container from its chassis to the deck of the ship. At the point of unloading, another chassis would be waiting for the container to be lifted onto it for hauling away by road.

Two T2 tankers, Potrero Hills (Marinship Yard No. 68) and Whittier Hills (Marinship Yard No. 71), units of the Pan-Atlantic SS Corp., an associate company of the Waterman SS Corp., were sent to Bethlehem Steel Co's yard at Baltimore in 1955 for alteration, and further ships, Coalinga Hills (Marinship Yard No. 61) and Maxton (Alabama Yard No. 353) werer acquired in 1956. The specially constructed deck fitted to the tankers was capable of carrying fifty-eight loaded containers each 33ft long. In no way was the oil carrying capacity of the ships affected. The service between Port Newark and Houston began with the inaugural sailing of Ideal X (ex-Potrero Hills), although the initial run was made previously by Maxton.

Source: Victory Ships and Tankers, by L. A. Sawyer and W. H. Mitchell

Other history:

47 - PONCA CITY Continental Oil Co., Wilmington, Del.
48 - MARINE LEADER Marine Corp., Wilmington, Del. [Marine Transport Lines, Inc., New York]
54 - Marine Navigation Co., Inc., Wilmington, Del.
56 - MAXTON Waterman Steamship Corp., Mobile (temp. fitted with platform deck for carriage of containers)
60 - Transocean Petroleum Carriers, Inc., Wilmington [Marine Carriers Corp., New York]
62 - POTOMAC Empire Transport, Inc. (Oriental Exporters, Inc. / Ogden Marine, Inc.), New York conv. to bulk carrier Aug. 1962 by re-construction with new cargo section 572ft l.o.a. 13,858 grt, mid-section built by Iino SB. & Eng. Co., Maizuru

Broken up at Gadani Beach 1982 by Rashid, Ltd., arr. 3. Nov 1982, work began 23.11.82

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